Disaster preparedness consists of a set of measures taken beforehand by governments, organizations, communities or individuals to better respond to and deal with the immediate consequences of a disaster, whether man-made or caused by natural hazards. Disaster management is a process of effective disaster preparedness and response. It involves strategically organizing resources to reduce the damage caused by disasters. It also involves a systematic approach to managing disaster prevention, preparedness, response and recovery responsibilities.
Preparedness is a set of research-based actions taken as precautionary measures in the face of potential disasters. Preparation is an important quality for achieving goals and for avoiding and mitigating negative outcomes. When people experience a disaster, they can experience a variety of reactions, many of which are natural responses to difficult situations. Most people show resilience after a disaster.
Resilience is the ability to recover, cope with adversity and endure difficult situations. Fortunately, resiliency in disaster recovery is normal, not extraordinary, and people demonstrate this capacity regularly. Using supportive resources to address stress and other difficulties is a critical component of resilience. Disaster preparedness is an area of public health study that instructs the public on how to prepare for disasters, both man-made and natural.
The emphasis is on developing proactive approaches to public health and disasters, rather than a general reactive approach. Disaster preparedness can work on a local, state, national, or even global scale, with different organizations working together to ensure public safety and well-being. Developing the capacities of volunteers, staff and disaster management teams to respond to disasters also makes response efforts more effective. The SAMHSA Behavioral Health Disaster Response mobile app is designed to help disaster responders ensure that resources are accessible to first responders.
Explore what it takes to become an expert in disaster management by learning more about the Master of Public Health in Disaster Management at Tulane University. Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance, Overview of Disaster Management & Definitions. Preparing for, responding to and recovering from disasters and traumatic events is essential to the behavioral health of individuals and communities alike. Preparedness is an important phase of emergency management and is especially valued in areas of competence such as sports and military science.
It's also common for people to show signs of stress after being exposed to a disaster, so it's important to monitor the physical and emotional health of those affected, as well as those who respond to the needs of others.