Preparation is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action. Training and exercise plans are the cornerstone of preparedness, focusing on preparedness to respond to incidents and emergencies of all hazards. The response phase is a reaction to the occurrence of a disaster or catastrophic emergency. It consists of actions that aim to save lives, reduce economic losses and alleviate suffering.
The response phase involves the coordination and management of resources using the Incident Command System. Response actions may include activating the emergency operations center, evacuating threatened populations, opening shelters and providing mass care, emergency rescue and medical care, firefighting, and urban search and rescue. Prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery are the five steps of emergency management. Recovery is the fourth phase of disaster and is the restoration of all aspects of the impact of the disaster on a community and the return of the local economy to a certain sense of normality.
Preparedness focuses on understanding how a disaster can affect the community and how education, outreach, and training can develop the capacity to respond to and recover from a disaster. The model helps to frame issues related to disaster preparedness, as well as economic and business recovery after a disaster. The SAMHSA Disaster Technical Assistance Center (DTAC) supports SAMHSA's efforts to prepare states, territories, and tribes to provide an effective behavioral health response to disasters. The SAMHSA Behavioral Health Disaster Response mobile app is designed to help disaster responders ensure that resources are accessible to first responders.
Preparation is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and improving activities that allows Upstate Medical University and Hospital to ensure effective coordination and the improvement of capacities to prevent, protect, respond to and recover from, and mitigate the events of disasters that have been identified in the Hazardous-Vulnerability Analysis (HVA). It is not uncommon for disasters to reveal a weakened economic development landscape, with significant gaps in organizational capacity, staff and resources. It's also common for people to show signs of stress after being exposed to a disaster, so it's important to monitor the physical and emotional health of those affected, as well as of people who respond to the needs of others. Mitigation is the effort to reduce the loss of life and property by reducing the impact of disasters and emergencies.
Preparing for, responding to and recovering from disasters and traumatic events is essential to the behavioral health of individuals and communities alike. Fortunately, resiliency in disaster recovery is normal, not extraordinary, and people demonstrate this capacity regularly. The guide to disaster preparedness activities provides more information on how to better prepare an organization and the business community for a disaster. An example of mitigation at the University Hospital is the 96-hour Business Continuity Plan, which includes strategies and mitigation plans that have been developed to ensure business continuity in areas such as public services, communications, food, water, medicines, personnel and medical supplies when the community cannot support the hospital due to an external disaster scenario.