Communities, families and individuals must know what to do in the event of a fire and where to seek shelter during a severe storm. Mitigation and prevention efforts aim to reduce the potential damage and suffering that disasters can cause. While disaster management cannot prevent disasters, it can prevent them from worsening as a result of neglecting causal factors and manageable risks. Mitigation specifically refers to measures taken that can reduce the severity of the impact of a disaster.
Investing in measures that limit hazards can greatly reduce the burden of disasters. Explore what it takes to become an expert in disaster management by learning more about the Master of Public Health in Disaster Management at Tulane University. Economics for Disaster Prevention and Preparation, developed by the European Commission and the World Bank, provides evidence to guide policymakers and professionals to make smart investments that can strengthen resilience to disasters and the climate in a way that generates social, economic and environmental. The European Commission contributes to Sendai Priority 4 by ensuring that disaster preparedness is systematically integrated into humanitarian aid programs and projects in all sectors.
The EU supports early warning and monitoring systems, and funds projects to strengthen disaster response capacities at national and local levels. When funding is not available or access is delayed, the impacts of natural disasters can be unnecessarily high. Center for Excellence in Disaster Management %26 Humanitarian Assistance, Overview of Disaster Management %26 Definitions. Developing the capacities of volunteers, staff and disaster management teams to respond to disasters also makes response efforts more effective.
To understand what disaster management is, it is useful to study prevention, preparedness, and response and recovery. For a more resilient Europe, countries must adopt comprehensive disaster risk financing strategies with diversified sources of funding at both the national and EU levels, as well as invest in smart and cost-effective investments in disaster prevention and preparedness.