Mitigating means reducing the severity of human and material damage caused by the disaster. Prevention consists of ensuring that human action or natural phenomena do not cause disasters or emergencies. Mitigation and prevention efforts aim to reduce the potential damage and suffering that disasters can cause. While disaster management cannot prevent disasters, it can prevent them from worsening as a result of neglecting causal factors and manageable risks.
Mitigation specifically refers to measures taken that can lessen the severity of the impact of a disaster. Investing in measures that limit hazards can greatly reduce the burden of disasters. Based on these comments, the planning team developed a final set of five hazard mitigation goals and 28 associated objectives. These goals and objectives represent New York City's long-term vision to guide its actions to reduce the impact of natural and unnatural hazards on the built environment and the city's population.
Risk mitigation planning reduces the loss of life and property by minimizing the impact of disasters. It starts with state, tribal and local governments that identify the risks and vulnerabilities of natural disasters that are common in their area. After identifying these risks, they develop long-term strategies to protect people and property from similar events. Mitigation plans are key to breaking the cycle of disaster damage and reconstruction.
The political objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be considered as the implementation of DRR, since it describes actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. Disaster risk is an indicator of poor development, so reducing disaster risk requires integrating RRD policy and DRM practice into sustainable development goals. The mitigation phase and, in fact, the entire disaster management cycle, includes the development of public policies and plans that modify the causes of disasters or mitigate their effects on people, property and infrastructure.
Because the damage and losses caused by historic disasters are often not widely known, and because the potential damages and losses that could arise from future disasters (including rare but high-impact events) may not be known at all, DRM has a low priority. When this goal is achieved, people have a greater capacity to cope with disasters and their recovery is faster and more durable. The mitigation and preparedness phases occur as improvements are made in disaster management in anticipation of a disaster event. While DRM includes disaster preparedness and response activities, it's about much more than managing disasters.
Center for Excellence in Disaster Management & Humanitarian Assistance, Overview of Disaster Management & Definitions. There is clear evidence to suggest that low-income countries with weak governance are more vulnerable and less resilient to disaster risk. However, new evidence shows that the opportunity cost of disasters is high and that many low- and middle-income countries and small island developing States are financially unable to cope with future losses due to disasters while maintaining their capacity for development. There are countless success stories in disaster risk reduction, ranging from community-based participatory approaches to the global reduction of disaster mortality associated with intensive risks.
When a disaster occurs, disaster management actors, in particular humanitarian organizations, are involved in the phases of immediate response and long-term recovery. The National Preparedness Goal defines what it means for the entire community to be prepared for all types of disasters and emergencies. Explore what it takes to become an expert in disaster management by learning more about the Master of Public Health in Disaster Management at Tulane University. .