The term “preparedness” refers to the ability of governments, professional response organizations, communities, and individuals to effectively anticipate and respond to the impact of probable, imminent, or current hazards, events, or conditions. When people experience a disaster, they can experience a variety of reactions, many of which are natural responses to difficult situations. Most people show resilience after a disaster. Resilience is the ability to recover, cope with adversity and endure difficult situations.
Fortunately, resiliency in disaster recovery is normal, not extraordinary, and people demonstrate this capacity regularly. Using supportive resources to address stress and other difficulties is a critical component of resilience. The term refers to the steps you take to make sure you are safe before, during, and after an emergency or natural disaster. These plans are important for your safety in both natural and man-made disasters.
Examples of natural disasters include floods, blizzards, tornadoes and earthquakes. Man-made disasters can include explosions, fires, and chemical and biological attacks. Preparation is a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action. Training and exercise plans are the cornerstone of preparedness, which focuses on preparedness to respond to all hazards, incidents and emergencies.
Emergency training and preparedness plans increase the community's capacity to respond when a disaster occurs. Typical preparedness measures include the development of mutual aid agreements and memorandums of understanding, training both response personnel and interested citizens, conducting disaster exercises to strengthen training and testing capacities, and presenting educational campaigns on all hazards Professionals in Bosnia and Herzegovina trained to understand what people in crisis want to know and when they can be important assets for emergency managers at every stage of disasters and emergencies.